Wild Animals In Canada

Wild Animals In Canada

Wild Animals In Canada

Canada has 15 land and 5 maritime ecozones within its 9.9 square kilometres. According to scientists, the landmass is home to 70,000–80,000 plant and animal species, with an equal number still undiscovered.

The Rockies divide the central plains and eastern temperate zones from the rainforest, desert, and continental climate zones that make up Canada's southwest. The tundra continues to exist further north, and parts of the nation are above the Arctic Circle.

Our lands and waters are known for their natural riches and unique biodiversity, and nature plays a significant role in defining the national character of Canadians.

Our goal at WWF-Canada is to identify ways to preserve our incredible biodiversity. About 80,000 plant and animal species can find in Canada. These are a few of the most well-known.

During his 1795 voyage, Englishman Samuel Hearne—a naturalist, explorer, and fur dealer from the 18th century—became the first to catalogue Canadian species. In 1829, John Richardson released The Fauna Boreali-Americana.

The Canadian Field-Naturalist and Canada Journal of Zoology are commonly subscribed to by those interested in Canadian wildlife and animals.

Le Naturaliste Canadien is available to those who speak French. According to the latest recent wildlife count, there are currently 200 mammals, roughly 692 birds, 43 reptiles, and 43 amphibians in Canada. The following animal species are very prevalent in Canada and the nearby waters.

Mammals In Canada

Massive inhabitants of Canada include moose, wood bison, polar bears, and grizzlies. However, rodents are the most numerous animals in Canada in terms of population. Scientists have identified approximately 200 mammals in the nation, including everything from blue whales to bobcats to bats.

Common Mammals

Common Mammals

  • Cougar
  • Caribou
  • Moose
  • Pronghorn
  • Wood Bison
  • Bighorn Sheep
  • Beaver
  • Fox
  • Hare
  • Squirrel
  • Mole

Native Birds

Native Birds

There are numerous results when you search “number of bird species in Canada.” Some counts include animals native to Canada, lists of birds that never fly outside of Canada, and massive lists of every bird that has ever crossed the border.

We estimate that between 687 and 692 birds are present in Canada. Included in this are 225 unintentional species that accidentally arrived through importation or choice and stayed or visited for half the year, in addition to the nation's 462–467 native bird species.

Common Birds

Common Birds

Native Fish

Native Fish

The waters of Canada are home to more than a thousand different fish species. The nation is most well known for being a haven for salmon, and anglers swarm there during the yearly runs on the east and west coasts.

Common Fresh-Water Fish

  • Rainbow Trout
  • Arctic Char
  • Brook Trout

Common Salt-Water Fish

  • Atlantic Cod
  • Haddock
  • Halibut

Native Reptiles

Native Reptiles

Unexpectedly, the reptile world is well-represented in the Canadian Arctic. The only group of reptiles not present in Canada are crocodiles. Canada is a vast and stunning country, but it also harbours some hideous creatures, such as poisonous snakes.

Common Venomous Snakes In Canada

  • Northern Pacific Rattlesnake (British Columbia)
  • Massasauga Rattlesnake (Georgian Bay Area of Ontario)
  • Prairie Rattlesnake (S. Saskatchewan; Alberta)
  • Desert Nightsnake (Endemic to southern Okanagan valley of British Columbia)

Common Non-Venomous Snakes In Canada

  • Lake Erie Watersnake
  • Eastern Fox Snake
  • Eastern Hog-Nosed Snake
  • Blue Racer Snakes

Even though people believe the reptile is harmless, it is always advisable to seek medical assistance if bitten, especially if it is a snake.

Common Salamanders In Canada

  • Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander
  • Five-Lined Skink
  • Prairie Skink
  • Mudpuppy
  • Spring Salamander
  • Stream Salamander

Common Turtles In Canada

  • Snapping Turtle
  • Painted Turtle
  • Spiny Softshell Turtle
  • Spotted Turtle
  • Blanding's Turtle

Canada is fortunate that some of the unique species in the world call its vast and magnificent environment home.

If you've always wanted to see a polar bear, grizzly bear, or killer whale, you can get on a Canadian vacation; the country's intriguing wildlife is just one of the reasons it's a well-liked travel destination.

Here, we walk you through a sample of the animals you might encounter while on vacation.

Polar Bears

Polar Bears

It is simple to overlook the polar bear's endangered status when on the western side of Hudson Bay. Churchill is known as the polar bear capital of the world because these majestic animals congregate in the area around Churchill.

The polar bear is a magnificent species that, due to its reliance on the sea environment for survival, is the only bear to be classified as a marine mammal. The polar bear, which can frequently weigh between 400 and 600 kg, is the largest land carnivore in North America.

There are numerous ways to view these beautiful creatures. One excellent option to go up and personal with these magnificent bears is to take the 5-day Churchill and Polar Bear Experience Adventurer tour.

The most secure and practical approach to seeing the magnificent polar bear in its native habitat is on the Tundra Buggy Adventure excursion, which is a part of our journey. Visitors can explore the vast tundra on a tundra buggy trip that can accommodate up to 40 people while knowledgeable tour guides talk about the many species in the Churchill region.



There are around 30 kinds of whales in Canada, which has 202,000 kilometres of coastline, making it an excellent location for whale watching.

These magnificent aquatic giants can see in British Columbia, a great place to see a wide variety of whales.

Whale sightings aboard Eagle Wing Tours, a 100% carbon-neutral whale-watching organization, from May to October are an astounding 98% due to the abundance of whales in Canadian waters.

Visitors can observe wild killer whales in their natural habitat because resident killer whales (fish eaters) spend their summers in the Salish Sea consuming Chinook salmon and Bigg's killer whales (mammal eaters) spots all year long in British Columbia.

According to Wild Whales Vancouver, you can observe a range of other whale species, which offers 3–7 hour whale watching tours that leave from Granville Island.

Since a remarkable resurgence a few years ago, humpback whales now spend the summer in Canadian waters. Every day, minke whales are seen. Wildlife enthusiasts can also witness fin and gray whales if that isn't enough.

Canada's oceans are also home to smaller cetaceans like Steller and California Sea Lions, harbour porpoises, Dall's porpoises, harbour seals, harp seals, hooded seals, and elephant seals.

For instance, there are roughly 2,000 harbour seals, 3,000 grey seals, and 600,000 hooded seals in the Estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence in Quebec, and there are about 6.8 million harp seals in the Eastern Atlantic.

Grizzly Bears And Black Bears

Grizzly Bears And Black Bears

One of the most recognizable wild animals, grizzly bears, sometimes brown bears, are distinguished by their concave faces, hump on their shoulders, and long claws.

The long guard hairs on their backs and shoulders, with their white tips giving the bears a “grizzled” appearance, are what provide grizzlies with their name. The bears typically have dark brown fur, though occasionally, they have light cream or black fur.

The Knight Inlet Lodge's Bear and Wildlife Watching excursion is one of the best opportunities to watch grizzly bears. The “Salmon Capital of the World,” Campbell River, British Columbia, is home to one of the highest densities of grizzly bears, and the Knight Inlet Lodge is situated there.

The smallest of the three bear species found in North America, black bears

The smallest of the three bear species found in North America, black bears are also found at Glendale Cove, where the lodges are situated.

Although black bears with white-bluish fur, known as Kermode bears, can also be found in British Columbia and are the only place in the world where one can spot them, they often have black fur. Salmon, young deer, moose calves, honey, plants, fruits, insects, and other small mammals are also standard fare for black bears.



The most prominent member of the deer family is the king of Canada's woodlands and is a national symbol of the country.

The moose population has reached an exceptional density in the Matane Wildlife Reserve, where a moose interpretation center and a wide range of observation and interpretive activities introduce visitors to this unusual animal, according to Le Quebec Maritime, the tourism association for the Eastern part of the Quebec province.

Male moose identify by their enormous antlers, which can stretch a staggering six feet broad. Moose recognize by their long faces and muzzles that hang over their chins.

Because it can be difficult for them to lower their heads, moose prefer to consume higher grasses and shrubs, making pinecones a top-rated food source. The ability of moose to swim underwater and destroy aquatic vegetation like water lilies is an intriguing discovery.

Despite their serene demeanour and outward look, moose can speed up to 35 miles per hour and can turn hostile when threatened.

White-Tailed Deer

White-Tailed Deer

Although white-tailed deer are present throughout most of Canada, Anticosti Island (in Côte-Nord) is home to most species.

White-tailed deer were first introduced in 1896 by Henri Menier, who at the time owned Anticosti, and today there are 166,000 of them living in an area around 7900 km2 (3100 sq mi) and has 300 people living in it.



Reindeer and caribou eat the plentiful grasses and plants growing in the tundra. Twelve pounds of food can be consumed daily by an adult caribou.

Caribou are the only deer species in which both sexes sport antlers. The only caribou herd south of St. Lawrence is in Gaspésie National Park. The Fermont region of Côte-Nord is also home to around 400,000 caribou.



Canada is home to millions of different bird species. In the marine parts of Quebec, tourists can witness birds such as northern gannets, Atlantic puffins, and common eiders.

The bald eagle is arguably the most well-known bird that calls Canada home. This raptor is among the most attractive birds in the nation thanks to its white head feathers, dark brown body feathers, and yellow beaks.

The best areas to spot bald eagles, a species of the fish eagle, are near rivers and by the sea if you're specifically looking for these gorgeous birds.

Many additional birds, like the albatross, golden eagle, peregrine and prairie falcons, northern gannet, Canada geese, northern mockingbird, common nighthawk, woodpecker, and tundra swan, to mention a few, can be found in the lakes and forests of Canada.

Fish, Saltwater And Freshwater Species

Fish, Saltwater And Freshwater Species

Fish abound in Canada's marine regions, and its rivers and lakes offer a range of aquatic life-rich settings. For instance, some of the saltwater fish and crustaceans that find in Canada are mackerel, herring, halibut, snow crab, lobster, and northern shrimp.

According to the Le Quebec Maritime organization, freshwater species like Atlantic salmon are abundant in Matane in Quebec, although American eels fished commercially today. If you still crave aquatic life, visit Toronto's Ripley's Aquarium of Canada, where you can witness more than 16,000 marine creatures, including green sea turtles.

The aquarium also features four touch pools, over 100 interactive displays, and 57 live exhibits. There are 17 sharks in the Ripley's Aquarium's Dangerous Lagoon, including a nurse, nurse, and sand tiger sharks.

Elk & Deer

Elk & Deer

These are the wild animals that visitors to Banff and Jasper National Parks most frequently witness. From late August to mid-October, when elk are rutting, you can often hear their high-pitched sounds before seeing them.

You can frequently see herds of elk on the golf course in Banff or beside the Bow River.

Deer and elk are frequently mistaken. Elk are big creatures weighing up to 350 kg, but mature male deer can only weigh up to 150 kg. Both animals are commonly seen in towns since they are used to people wandering around.

Although they frequently appear to be doing business, they may charge without warning if they feel threatened. Sadly, some tourists are unaware and ignorant.

Sadly, some uninformed and careless tourists approach a wild animal too closely for a selfie to be startled when the animal charges.

Bighorn Sheep

Bighorn Sheep

Bighorn sheep are simple to identify. Males (rams) have large spiral horns and are larger than domestic sheep. Both British Columbia and Alberta have significant populations of them.

Most of the day, they travel on the rocky terrain of the mountains or relax in family groups high in the alpine region while soaking up the sun.

Funny enough, the best places to watch them while travelling through mountains are right on the road where they cause traffic jams or high up on the steep walls. They frequently travel because bighorn sheep prefer to lick salt off their lips.



Indigenous hunters used to kill bison (or buffalo), but in the 19th century, they nearly went extinct. The largest national park in Canada, Wood Buffalo National Park, is home to the world's greatest number of wild bison.

Go to Head Smashed in Buffalo Jump in Alberta, a UNESCO World Heritage Site to find out more. Native Americans have been using the buffalo leap for about 6,000 years to slaughter buffalo by leading them off the 11-meter precipice. On a drive across Alberta, it's worthwhile to stop.

Most recently, Parks Canada successfully reintroduced bison to Banff National Park. Watching their documentary Banff Bison Reintroduction is strongly advised.



Indigenous hunters used to kill bison (or buffalo), but in the 19th century, they nearly went extinct. The cougar is the second-largest wild cat in the Americas.

It lives in western Canada and spots in southern Ontario, Quebec, and New Brunswick's grasslands. The cougar finds in rocky mountains and deep forests.

Despite being sighted in grasslands, due to its unique ability to track its target covertly, the formidable predator is known to kill creatures four times its size. Its field of vision is 130 degrees. Small, rounded ears, red, grey, or brown fur, a long tail with a black tip, white hair on the abdomen, breast, and throat, and vast eyes are all characteristics of the cougar.

Giant Canadian Goose

Giant Canadian Goose

The sight of these stunning birds gracing the skies in flight is delightful. They maintain close family ties and frequently return to the places where they were born to nest.

They are the world's largest geese and have 7 recognized species. Some can weigh up to 20 lbs. They may be distinguished from all other geese species by their black heads and white chinstrap on their necks. Keep an eye out for these in the sky.



Marmots live on the island of Vancouver. Only Vancouver Island, BC's high mountains, are home to marmots. The biggest members of the squirrel family, marmots, prefer to dwell underground.

One of the most endangered species, there are now between 250 and 300 surviving on 28 mountains thanks to conservation initiatives. Marmots consume 30 different varieties of food plants as they are strict herbivores.

Between late September and late April or early May, they hibernate roughly 210 days a year. Three additional marmot species find in Canada, and this specific marmot is enormous compared to other marmots.

The Common Woodchuck or Groundhog, the Hoary Marmot on British Columbia's mainland, and the Yellow-bellied Marmot in the grasslands of that province.

Wild Animals In Canada


Visit Banff or Jasper to view most of the animals on the list in the least amount of time. However, you can see them all year long (apart from bears.

There is nothing cuter than observing bear cubs with their mother playing in the grass or eating dandelion seeds as calves are born in the spring.

As a result, Canada had the third-best “wildlife connection” in the world, only surpassed by the tiny tropical South American nation of Guyana and the arctic island of Greenland, according to the main author and University of British Columbia conservations scientist Angela Brennan.

I trust you enjoyed this article on Wild Animals In Canada. Please stay tuned for more blog posts to come shortly. Take care!




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