The Most Stressful Cities In The World

The Most Stressful Cities In The World

If you believe you live in a stressful environment, look at this list of the world's most stressful cities. According to a poll conducted by CBD and wellness business Eden's Gate, the world's most stressful cities have been identified.

To determine which cities have the most stressful lifestyles, the research looked at factors such as average commute time, cost of living, internet speed, working hours, and search traffic for “stress reduction” and “lower stress.”

After analyzing the data, Panama was determined to be the world's most stressful city. On the other hand, Santiago was found to be the least stressful city, while New York had the highest cost of living.

New Delhi has the lowest cost of living, while Mumbai has the maximum annual working hours, according to the report (3,315).

Which Is The World's Most Stressful Capital?

Which Is The World's Most Stressful Capital?

Panama, which is famed for its canal and wildlife, has been named the most stressful city to live in. With a daily travel time of two hours, it is the most time-consuming, as opposed to Nairobi and Hanoi, which have the shortest commuting times of just 30 minutes.

After New York, Hong Kong, Chicago, Tel Aviv, Dubai, Doha, Seoul, and Beijing, the South American city has the tenth highest total monthly cost of living and rent.

The average monthly cost of living and rent is £696.14 ($1273.89), which is more than the city with the lowest cost of living, New Delhi.

Santiago, Chile's capital and biggest city, is rated with the least stress. With the third-fastest internet connection and 2,150 annual working hours, this equates to 8-hour days 5 times a week. Santiago has a lower monthly cost of living and rent than the most expensive city, New York, at £2,292.39 ($4194.92).

New York, a city where many strive to work and reside, has been named the world's third most stressful place to work. Is it worth it? With an average commuting time of 54 minutes, New York also boasts the highest monthly cost of living, with rent coming in at £3,122.20 ($5713.41).

The second most costly city, Hong Kong, is £789.76 ($1445.21) more expensive each month. It is not just the city with the highest monthly cost of living and rent, but it is also the city with the largest search volume for stress relief,' with an average of 170 searches every month.

Most Stressful Cities In The World

Burnout was recently recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an officially diagnosable illness resulting from continuous professional stress. When a condition is elevated to a syndrome, it is included in the World Health Organization's official list of disorders. However, it turns out that burnout is much more severe than previously imagined, as shown by a Gallup poll from 2018 that revealed it impacts roughly a quarter of the workforce on a regular basis.

Savvy Sleeper, a sleep research website, has performed a survey to identify which places in the globe had the greatest and lowest percentages of occupational burnout. The study looked at 69 cities from 53 different nations.

To standardize the research, the researchers looked at key health and work-related categories such as:

  • the percentage of people sleeping less than seven hours per night,
  • the percentage of people working more than 48 hours per week,
  • time spent in traffic,
  • mental health disorders and their prevalence,
  • lack of motivation at work,
  • employee “presenteeism” and productivity,
  • vacation days,
  • annual work hours,
  • and the percentage of people who are stressed out on Glassdoor.

While Tallinn, Estonia; Ljubljana, Slovenia; and many other European cities have low levels of workplace burnout, three US cities—Los Angeles (#9), Chicago (#12), and New York (#17)—are among the top 20 cities with the greatest levels of workplace burnout. The top five most burned-out cities in the United States were filled out by San Francisco (26th overall) and Miami (27th overall).

Perhaps that laid-back Southern California attitude isn't as ubiquitous as believed, with Los Angeles topping the list of the most burned-out cities in the United States. Despite the gorgeous weather and opportunities for outdoor leisure in Los Angeles, workers are subjected to a great deal of stress at work.

“Because of the city's high cost of living, workers often reside outside of the city center,” explains Ashley Doyle, a staff writer for Savvy Sleeper. “According to our research, many people in Los Angeles commute for over an hour every day.”

Furthermore, employees in Los Angeles take an average of just 10 vacation days each year, and more than a fifth of the city's workforce sleeps less than seven hours every night. These characteristics impair concentration and decision-making, resulting in additional time spent on job activities and increased employee burnout.

“Taking time off from work is vital to enable individuals to unwind and replenish their batteries,” Doyle says, adding that the emergence of digital behemoths in the region may be contributing to the city's developing overworking culture.

Another surprise: Despite the fact that New York is known as “the city that never sleeps,” the survey found that Chicago, which ranks second on the list, had greater levels of burnout. “For example, Chicago has a greater percentage of stressed workers on Glassdoor than New York, and Chicago employees also report longer yearly working hours, which is why its overall rankings are lower,” Doyle explains.

Employees in Chicago, according to Savvy Sleeper, work the longest hours of any US city, putting in roughly 41 hours per week on average, or 2,123.50 hours per year. That's 3.46 percent greater than the national average of all cities in the United States, which is 2,051.24 yearly hours.

The next city on the list is New York City, which ranks third in the United States for employee burnout but just 17th overall. According to Glassdoor statistics, a significant number of workers in New York are stressed out (2.21 percent of 1,082 evaluations used the term “stress”).

So, how did the rest of the world's cities fare? Tokyo is at the top of the list of cities with the greatest levels of burnout, owing to some of the lowest motivation and presenteeism ratings, as well as the biggest number of individuals sleeping less than seven hours each night.

Employees in Mumbai, which is only behind Tokyo, work an average of 65 hours per week, which is twice the average work hours of cities with the least workplace burnout. Seoul, Istanbul, and Manila complete the top five cities with the greatest levels of burnout in the world.

Tallinn, Estonia

Tallinn, Estonia, on the other hand, is the world's least stressed-out city. “It's interesting to see Estonia obtain the highest positive score in our analysis, beating out nations like Norway, Finland, and Denmark,” Doyle adds. According to Savvy Sleeper, the city provides extensive vacation time, with an average of 29.1 paid days off each year. In addition, just 5.6 percent of people work more than 48 hours every week.

There is however some good news in the realm of office burnout, as cities and businesses are becoming more conscious of the issue and its impact on productivity. In an effort to combat the country's long-working culture, Japan recently passed a new rule limiting overtime to fewer than 100 hours per month.

Europe, which has a reputation for being more laid-back when it comes to its workers, is making progress as well. Take, for example, France's new regulation allowing workers to turn off their work emails while they're not in the office.

“According to our findings, organizations should prioritize resolving some of the variables that impact employee work-life balance.” Not only will this safeguard employees' health and well-being, but it will also help organizations attract and retain top talent,” Doyle adds.

For most individuals, living abroad is a dream come true: a stress-free existence with never-ending vacations. Moving overseas, on the other hand, maybe stressful, from finding a job to arranging foreign health insurance. When you're transferring, it's natural to feel anxious, but the COVID-19 outbreak has created a considerably more frightening situation than typical. In the last year, mental health issues have become worse for people of all ages.

Whether you've already moved overseas or are considering it, there are certain areas in the globe that are less stressful to live and work in. As a result, we rated 73 cities and 38 nations to determine the most and least stressful places on the planet. We also analyzed the 50 states in the United States to see which ones are the most and least stressed. Our rating is based on cleanliness, financial stress, LGBTQ+ safety, and suicide rates, and we hope it will assist you in determining where you should go for your next major – and stress-free – adventure.

Cairo Is The Capital Of Egypt

1. Cairo Is The Capital Of Egypt – 7.67 out of 10

Cairo is the second-largest city in Africa and one of the busiest cities on the planet. Cairo is the most stressed city based on the parameters examined. With a score of 17.22, Cairo is the second-worst city on the list in terms of cleanliness! Marseille, France, is the only city with a worse grade. With a score of -96, Cairo has one of the lowest LGBTQ+ safety ratings in the world. Tehran, Iran, is the only city with a worse safety rating for LGBTQ+ people. Despite this, Cairo has one of the lowest suicide rates in the world, with 3.41 per 100,000 people.

India, Delhi

2. India, Delhi – 6.96 out of 10

Delhi is one of the densest cities in the world. Delhi has a cleanliness rating of 28.78, which is higher than Cairo. With a suicide rate of 12.91 per 100,000 people, Delhi has one of the highest suicide rates in the world, while the LGBTQ+ safety rating is 65. Despite the fact that the cost of living in Delhi is just £270 a month for a single person, over 17% of the population is poor.

Pakistani City Of Karachi

3. Pakistani City Of Karachi – 6.47 out of 10

One of the most pressured cities on the list is Pakistan's major metropolis. Karachi has a cleanliness grade of 20.26 with a level of 290 PM10 pollutions. Delhi is the only city with a greater degree of pollution. In Karachi, the LGBTQ+ safety rating is -89, with a suicide rate of 9.77 per 100,000 persons. Karachi has a lower cost of living than Delhi, with a monthly cost of £230 for a single individual, and 4.47 percent of the population lives in poverty.

The globe is getting more urbanized. According to a United Nations projection from 2018, by 2050, 68 percent of the world's population would be living in cities. While increasing density may bring inhabitants closer to restaurants, theaters, clubs, banks, and grocery stores, and more people using public transportation can cut carbon emissions, increased density paired with bad design can result in traffic congestion, air pollution, and noise pollution.

Cities flourish as a result of opportunities offered by existing and new sectors, exposure to other cultures, and cultural attractions such as museums and art galleries. This growth brings new issues, such as housing, transportation, infrastructure, education, and health care, which puts more strain on city people.

24/7 Tempo has developed a list of the most stressed-out cities on the planet. To identify the most stressed-out cities, we constructed an index based on eight city- and country-level measurements of population health, financial well-being, and happiness, as well as other stress indicators.

While these metropolitan hotspots offer numerous advantages, the increased population makes city life more challenging by generating stressful and tense situations. Long commutes, expensive monthly transit passes, and high housing affordability expenses exist in even the most desired locations, necessitating employees to work long hours to pay to live there.

According to the United Nations, the world's population will grow by 2.5 billion people by 2050, with Africa and Asia accounting for almost all of this growth. To emphasize the global movement toward cities, Earth will have 43 megacities (cities with more than 10 million people) by 2030, most of which will be in developing countries.

Established and rising industries, exposure to other cultures, cultural attractions such as museums and art galleries, and the general thrill of urban life all contribute to city expansion. This growth brings new issues, such as housing, transportation, energy systems, infrastructure, education, and health care for city residents, as well as increased stress on city citizens.


24/7 Wall St. constructed an index of eight city- and country-level measures of health, financial well-being, and happiness, among other stress indicators, to determine the world's most stressed places. These were then adjusted using min-max normalization and given a score between 0 and 1, after which they were averaged to provide a composite score for each city.

The Current Traffic Index for 2020, provided by Numbeo, a crowd-sourced worldwide database, includes the following city-level Index measures: Average one-way commute to work Housing affordability was calculated using the median multiple (median home price divided by median family income) from the Frontier Centre for Public Policy's 16th Annual Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey for 2020.

The most current year for which data is available in the Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS) Global Cities Ranking for 2018. Finally, the Current Life Evaluation of the 2020 World Happiness Report included a city quality of life indicator.

New York City

The poverty rate and unemployment rates by nation are taken from the World Bank World Development Indicators database, and all data is for the most current year available. Mental health and drug addiction statistics by nation are taken from Our World in Data, a scholarly online publication, for the year 2017, which is the most recent year for which data is available.

All additional supplementary information: UBS Global Cities data for 2018 was also used to calculate the number of vacation days each year. The World Bank World Development Indicators were used to calculate the total population, suicide mortality, and life expectancy for each nation for the most current year available. The data on alcohol consumption by country comes from “Our World in Data” for 2016, the most recent year for which data is available. Finally, the rates of murder and rape per nation are taken from the World Population Review for 2020.

Hong Kong

Hong Kong Is Number One

  • Avg. weekly hours worked: 42
  • Avg. one-way commute time: 42
  • Mental health condition population: N/A
  • Gallup global happiness ranking: 114 out of 186
  • Population: 7.5 million

Hong Kong, the little economic powerhouse given over to China by the British in 1997, is the most stressed-out city, owing to the fact that it is out of reach for many citizens. Housing costs are around 20 times greater than the city's median family income, the largest disparity among the 560+ cities examined.

The British transferred Hong Kong to China in 1997 on the condition that it be overseen as a special administrative territory with limited autonomy and that it be afforded economic and press freedoms not allowed in communist China. Mainland China has gradually increased its pressure on Hong Kong, restricting journalistic freedoms and restricting people's rights to congregate in public spaces.

This has resulted in violent protests, and the events have harmed the economy, which entered recession in the third quarter of 2019, it's first in a decade. The COVID-19 epidemic, which began in Wuhan, China, also hit Hong Kong hard.

Johannesburg, South Africa Is Number Two

Johannesburg, South Africa Is Number Two

  • Avg. weekly hours worked: 43
  • Avg. one-way travel time: 41 minutes
  • Mental health disorders affect 12.7 percent of the population (women) and 12.8 percent of the population (men)
  • Gallup global poll happiness ranking: 120 out of 186
  • The population is 5.8 million people.

Johannesburg, South Africa, has the 13th highest total on this list of 190 cities assessed, with people working more than 43 hours each week. South Africa's national unemployment rate is 28.5 percent, the highest of any country having a city on this list. Residents of Johannesburg and other South African cities are concerned about crime, and although the rate has decreased, it remains a cause of anxiety as the country adjusts to its post-apartheid reality.

Cairo, Egypt Is Number Three

Cairo, Egypt Is Number Three

  • Avg. weekly hours worked: 36
  • Avg. one-way travel time: 51 minutes
  • Mental health disorders affect 14.9 percent of the population (women), 14.3 percent of the population (men); Gallup global poll happiness ranking: 177 out of 186
  • The population is 20.9 million people.

Cairo, Egypt, one of the world's oldest cities, is the ninth unhappiest city in the world, according to Gallup, out of 186 towns questioned. The average one-way commute time to work is 51 minutes, making it one of 23 cities on the list with a travel duration of more than 50 minutes. In recent years, political instability and acts of terrorism have also been contributory stressors.

Greece's Athens

Greece's Athens

  • Avg. weekly hours worked: 40
  • Avg. one-way travel time: 38 minutes
  • Mental health disorders affect 16.9% of the population (women) and 14% of the population (men)
  • Gallup global poll happiness ranking: 121 out of 186
  • Population: 3.2 million

Greece's financial crisis resulted in a series of bailouts by the European Union and the International Monetary Fund, which began in 2010. The next year, the country's GDP dropped by 9.1%.

While the economy has improved over time, employment opportunities have not. The country has the second-highest unemployment rate of any European country on the list, at 17.3 percent. Many young Greeks, including physicians and engineers, are worried about their future employment prospects and have left for other nations.

Those who work put in 40 hours a week, which is the 22nd highest of any of the 190 cities considered for the list. Because of the city's protracted tension as a result of the financial crisis, businesses have set up “rage chambers” where Athenians may vent their frustrations by smashing TVs, keyboards, dishes, and other things with a bat.

Conclusion To The Most Stressful Cities In The World


It can be stressful to live in any large city. There are long commutes to go to work, housing is more expensive, there is a lot of traffic, it is a lot noisier and the air you breathe is more polluted than when you live in the countryside. In this article we introduced the most stressful cities worldwide.

I trust you enjoyed this article on The Most Stressful Cities In The World. Please stay tuned for more blog posts to come shortly. Take care!




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