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Easy 10 Steps Of Growing Dragon Fruit In Pots
The dragon fruit plant is a popular odd-looking plant that produces delicious fruits. Because it is a cactus, it is a very adaptable plant that can thrive in various settings. Once you have clear instructions, it is not difficult to learn how to cultivate Dragon fruit.
This plant is simple to grow and may be used in gardens and pots. It's also possible to cultivate it from seeds or cuttings. Despite its threatening appearance, this plant is quite kind. This wonderful plant is native to Central America. Still, it is grown in many subtropical and tropical locations, including China, Israel, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, and Nicaragua, because of its exotic yummy taste.
Dragon Fruits are one of the healthiest plants on the planet and provide excellent, sweet fruits. The seeds include antioxidants, easily digestible carbohydrates, and omega fatty acids. Although most people prefer to eat the plant's fruits with spoons, you may use it to make sauces, salsas, and smoothies.
Continue reading this instructive post if you are interested in growing dragon fruit in pots.
Dragon fruit is native to Mexico, Central America, and South America, and was introduced to Asia by the French via Vietnam in the early 1800s. Dragon fruit is becoming increasingly popular in the United States, prompting commercial production to expand.
Scientific Name For Dragon Fruit
HylocereusUndatus (White fleshed Dragon Fruit/White Pithaya), (Red-fleshed Dragon Fruit, Red-fleshed Pitaya), HylocereusCostaricensis, HylocereusMegalanthus (yellow Pitaya, yellow dragon fruit).
Dragon Fruit belongs to the family Cactus.
Cactus Fruit Pitaya, Strawberry Pear, Nanettika Fruit, Belle of the Night, Night Blooming Cereus.
Different Types Of Dragon Fruit
Before starting of growing dragon fruit in pots you should need to know all varieties of dragon fruit.
White Dragon Fruits
White dragon fruit is the most commonly produced pitaya, with its beautiful pink skin and white flesh flecked with delectable black seeds. The following are some of the more well-known cultivars:
1. L.A. Woman
An unusual kind that, according to some experts, leaves a foul taste in your mouth. It has nothing to do with how the Doors' song of the same name makes you feel.
2. David Bowie
The slim, white duke is a fascinating character. This white dragon fruit variety is thinner than the others and has a tangier, lemon-like flavour.
3. Seoul Kitchen
This white dragon fruit variety, named after a Doors song, is a little rounder in shape than its Los Angeles cousin, with smoother and sweeter flesh.
4. Vietnamese Jaina
Due to the sheer whiteness of its fruit, it is one of the world's most popular types.
Guyute was an ugly pig in the Phish song of the same name. It's a very tasty type of white dragon fruit in the world of exotic plants.
6. Lake Atitlan
This exotic-sounding dragon fruit type is often on the larger – and tangier – side, and is named after a volcano-ringed lake in Guatemala.
This California native is sweet and very delicious when cold.
This namesake type of dragon fruit, named after a rock star of the fruit-growing world, Alice Snow, is less delicious than other types but has ultra-bright pink skin.
Dragon fruit growers must be huge fans of Phish. This variety, named after a song with a very good jam, has a semisweet white pulp with melon undertones.
This type of white dragon fruit is one of the largest, weighing up to 1.5 pounds.
Red Dragon Fruit
The red dragon fruit has the same lovely pink skin as its white siblings, but it has a burst of scarlet flesh on the inside.
1. Red Jaina
This cultivar is very juicy, with a deep-red pulp, making it an ideal match for a good blender.
2. Natural Mystic
Did you think we'd finished naming songs? Reconsider your position. This crimson dragon fruit, named after a Bob Marley song, is genuinely excellent, with a bigger and sweeter flavour.
This medium-sized red dragon fruit type is named after the Honduran university first produced it. It has a moderate, sweet flavour.
4. Costa Rican Sunset
Because of its slow growth vine, this is a particularly distinctive variety of dragon fruit, as its name implies.
Pink Dragon Fruit
These are all sorts of red dragon fruit however the insides range from soft rose to hot pink.
This red-but-more-like-pink dragon fruit cultivar has lovely magenta flesh and a sweet-and-sour flavour. (This is the third Phish song reference for those keeping track.) Fans of jam bands, rejoice!)
2. American Beauty
This cultivar is recognized for its spectacular sweet flavour and is named after both the famous Grateful Dead album and its genuinely outstanding pink pulp.
This pink dragon fruit is on the larger side, with a smooth texture, sweet taste, and excellent soft pink flesh, and is fully deserving of its name.
4. Dark Star
The bearer of yet another Grateful Dead song name and a long and narrow shape with a moderate grape-like flavour.
5. Cosmic Charlie
This magenta-fleshed varietal rounds out the Deadhead bunch with a celestial taste of grape and kiwi.
6. Purple Haze
With a brilliant pink hue, few seeds, and a grape-like taste, this Jimi Hendrix namesake is one of the largest dragon fruit species.
7. Voodoo Child
This pink dragon fruit, worthy of its witchy moniker (which also happens to be a Jimi Hendrix song), is small but mighty, packing a sweet grapey taste into a dark pink fruit no larger than an egg.
Yellow Dragon Fruit
With dull yellow skin and a drastically distinct scale pattern, this dragon fruit species isn't afraid to stand out.
Only one yellow dragon fruit type exists, but it's usually considered the best, thanks to its crisp white flesh packed with sweetness.
Sour Dragon Fruit
This type of dragon fruit is known as Stenocereus, and it may be found predominantly in South and Central America, particularly in arid areas. Although it is sour rather than sweet, it produces more juice than most other types and has long been a mainstay of indigenous peoples' diets.
However, a dragon fruit strives to impress regardless of its appearance or flavour.
Dragon Fruit Nutrition Facts
Here are the nutrition facts for a serving of 3.5 ounces, or 100 grams (USDA Food Composition Databases Governmental authority)
- Calories: 60
- Protein: 1.2 grams
- Carbs: 13 grams
- Fiber: 3 grams
- Vitamin C: 3% of the RDI
- Iron: 4% of the RDI
- Magnesium: 10% of the RDI
Time To Plant
Although dragon fruit prefers a tropical climate, it can also thrive in sub-tropical climes.
If you don't mind the cold winters, dragon fruits can be grown in the spring, fall, and summer. The ideal temperature is between 20 and 30 degrees. It grows well in both dry and moist environments.
The dragon fruit plant can withstand frost and freezing temperatures for brief periods. However, longer durations of frost may cause spoilage.
10 Steps Of Growing Dragon Fruit In Pots
1. Pot Requirements
- The pot should have a 15-24 inches diameter and a depth of 10-12 inches.
- A proper drainage system is required for pots. Two to three drain holes should be included in each pot.
- To cultivate dragon fruits, use plastic pots, clay pots, terracotta pots, drums, or cans.
- Use clay pots to keep the plant's temperature consistent for good growth.
- The larger the pot, the faster the dragon fruit will grow.
2. Soil Requirements
The dragon fruits thrive in healthy, well-drained soil. If using garden soil or bad soil, add some quality river sand to improve the drainage capacity.
Cactus mix is a suitable growing medium for cactus family plants and is recommended. Cactus potting soils can be found in nurseries, garden centers, and the internet.
If you can't find a cactus potting mix, use a good quality potting mix containing sand or perlite, organic manure, and compost in a 2:3:1:1 ratio.
Allow sitting overnight before planting after thoroughly mixing all ingredients and filling the container with potting soil.
You can grow the tree in two ways.
Dragon Fruit From Seed
Dragon fruit is simple to grow from seed, although it can take up to 5-7 years to achieve fruiting maturity. Step-by-step instruction to cultivating dragon fruit from seed may be found here.
- To remove the flesh from the seeds, wash them. Using a moist paper towel, line a plastic container and evenly distribute the seeds on top. Cover and place in a warm, out-of-the-way location. Within two weeks, the seeds should germinate.
- Seedlings should be potted up into a seedling tray filled with Yates Seed Raising Mix. When the seedlings are 25–30 mm tall, mix them together. To keep the soil equally moist, water sparingly.
- When seedlings are 70–120 mm tall, repot them into separate pots filled with cactus and succulent mix. It will take several years for them to mature into fruiting size.
- Once the plants are ripe, repot them into the garden or pots. See our articles on how to produce dragon fruit in a garden and how to grow dragon fruit in a pot for further information.
Dragon Fruit From Cuttings
Dragon fruit, like many cacti and succulents, propagates easily from cuttings. Plants can be simply shared among family, friends, and neighbours, or purchased online with little risk of death during shipping. Cuttings mature faster than seeds, requiring 2-3 years instead of 5-7 years to reach fruiting maturity.
To cultivate dragon fruit from cuttings, follow our step-by-step instructions:
- Using a healthy plant, cut a 30-50 centimetre piece. Allow the ends to callus in a cool, dry location away from direct sunshine.
- Fill the pot with a well-draining mix and water it thoroughly. Place in a cool, dry location away from direct sunlight and water once a week.
- Roots will appear in 4-6 weeks (it may take longer in cooler conditions). Once ready, plant it in the garden or in a pot. See our articles on how to produce dragon fruit in a garden and how to grow dragon fruit in a pot for further information.
Although many dragon fruit varieties self-pollinate, others require cross-pollination. You'll need to carefully nurture two or more dragon fruit plants for cross-pollination if your dragon fruit is unable to self-pollinate. Because dragon fruit blossoms bloom at night, pollination is reliant on moths and bats. You can even do this at night for further security.
5. Water Requirement
- The dragon fruit plant does not need to be flooded. Plants might decay if they are overwatered.
- Maintain continuous moisture in the potting mix.
- Once the dragon fruit plant has climbed the poles, it is best to keep them moist.
- The dragon fruit plant can withstand extreme drought conditions for a long time.
6. Sunlight Requirement
Sunlight is very important to dragon fruits. In partial to full sun, it thrives. These plants can also be cultivated in locations with a lot of light. For rapid growth, the dragon fruit leaves should be exposed to sunshine.
The dragon fruit plant needs 6–7 hours of sunlight per day to thrive.
The plant's growth is accelerated by adequate sunlight, which leads to more blooms and fruiting.
The dragon fruit plant is a climbing cactus that requires climbing assistance. The plant develops aerial roots from the branches and finds something to climb on as the plant matures. If you're growing dragonfruit, it's best to find something to support your plant. Make an arbour or attach a robust trellis.
8. Temperature Requirements
Dragon fruit cannot survive in cold temperatures. Temperatures below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius) are lethal. Similarly, temperatures above 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius) produce problems. Keep the plant above 50 degrees Fahrenheit in a chilly climate (10 C). In a hot environment, protect the plant from the afternoon sun by placing it in a somewhat shaded area during the summer.
Pruning is necessary to keep this plant on the trellis, increase air circulation, avoid fungal infection, and keep it at a healthy height. Otherwise, it can reach a height of 20 feet in ideal growing conditions. Remove any overgrowing, rotting, overcrowding, and dead stems each year, leaving just the healthier and productive ones.
- Start feeding the plant after it reaches 4 to 5 inches in height if you're growing dragon fruits from seeds.
- Start feeding the plant after 6 to 7 months if you're producing dragon fruits from cuttings. It takes at least 5 months for a dragon fruit cutting to develop a complete root system.
- Once every two months, feed the plants with slow-release fertilizers with low nitrogen levels.
- Feeding can be done with an all-purpose commercial fertilizer, although an organic fertilizer with low nitrogen levels is preferred.
- If you're using organic fertilizer, you should apply it every three months.
- To improve fruit production, feed the plants Urea, Phosphate, and Potassium in a 1:1:2 ratio before and after flowering and harvesting seasons. Over-fertilizing might stifle a plant's growth.
Dragon fruit bears fruit regularly in most regions, from summer to late fall and maybe winter. It is dependent on the weather.
Growing it in a temperate climate will bear fruit from summer through early and mid-fall.
Once your dragon fruit tree is established, it will produce blossoms and fruits. This will occur in the first or second year following the planting.
When the skin colour of the dragon fruit changes from bright green to red or pink, it's time to harvest it. It produces oval to ovate-shaped fruits 10 to 15 cm long and appears 30 to 50 days after flowering. Dragon fruit has a rough, scaly pericarp that is usually pink in hue. However, dragon fruits might be red or yellow depending on the species. The flesh is white and contains black seeds, and it is found on the inside.
Pests And Diseases
- Mealybug and aphids are two common pests that attack dragon fruit plants. These insects feed on the plant's delicious sap and wreak havoc on its growth.
- Ants are a huge issue; the ants will swarm the plant and drink the sap.
- Spider mites and thrips can also wreak havoc on plants, slowing down their growth.
These pests can be treated with neem oil, horticultural oil spray, or a light soapy water spray. To treat bugs, avoid using commercial organic insecticides.
Diseases that harm dragon fruit are Dragon Spots, these spots form on the stems and leaves of the plant owing to bacteria. This disease can quickly transfer from one plant to another. To treat infections in dragon fruits, use an organic fungicide. Fungal and bacterial illnesses can be controlled by using commercial potting mixes and watering at the base of the plant rather than the branches.
During the hottest part of the summer season, when the sun is scorching hot, the Plant is susceptible to sunburn.
Overwatering has also caused the plant to decay. Plants can be protected from rotting by using well-drained soils.
Dragon fruit is a low-calorie tropical fruit with less sugar and carbohydrates than many other fruits.
Overall, dragon fruit is a one-of-a-kind fruit that is delicious and can bring diversity to your diet. So you should cultivate dragon fruit. If you face any problems at the time of growing dragon fruit in pots feel free to comment below.
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