Super Easy Ways Of Growing Lychee Trees In Pots

Super Easy Ways Of Growing Lychee Trees In Pots

Lychee is a tropical broadleaf evergreen tree that thrives in China's warm, moist region. Although it is grown commercially for its fruit, it is frequently employed as a shade tree or a specimen fruit tree in landscapes.

Small, dimpled, meaty fruit with a mild, fragrant flavour is produced by this tree. The fruit has an inedible tough pink-red skin on the surface, while the internal flesh is clear to white and sweet. The fruit is normally eaten fresh or frozen, and sauces, jams, purees, and preserves can be created.

Super Easy Ways Of Growing Lychee Trees In Pots

Like many other tropical fruits like avocado, Lychee isn't a natural fit for indoor gardening. It's more of a curiosity plant that will probably never bear fruit or mature (unless you have a greenhouse). Still, sprouting these seeds in the hopes of growing a beautiful plant can be entertaining. If you manage to get a crop, keep in mind that this slow-growing tree can take up to five years to give fruit.

It is not a tree that can be grown across North America because it requires tropical conditions. It grows well in warm climates, such as Florida, and sheltered areas like California. After the risk of frost has gone, planting is usually done in the spring. I hope all of my growing lychee tree tips will be helpful for you, so let's get started.

Some Features Of Lychee Trees

Some Features Of Lychee Trees

  • Trees can reach a height of 40 feet (12 meters) and have a lovely, dense, rounded, symmetrical canopy that reaches almost to the ground. Dark green foliage and reddish-coloured fruit make the trees particularly appealing. Nontrained trees' primary limbs usually start within 3 ft (0.9 m) of the ground.
  • Compound leaves have 2 to 8 leaflets. When young, the leaves are reddish in hue, but they become lustrous and bright green as they age.
  • Flowers are small and greenish, and they appear on a big thyrse (a many-flowered inflorescence) that arises at the ends of branches in Florida anytime from late December to April (most typically February and March). There are three sorts of flowers: two males and one female type.
  • The fruit is a drupe that grows in loose clusters of 3 to 50 fruits that are round to oval in shape and are 1.0 to 1.5 inches (25 to 38 mm). The skin (pericarp) is leathery and varies in colour from yellow to pinkish or red, with small, short, conical or rounded protuberances. An aril is an edible section of the fruit (pulp) that is succulent, whitish, translucent and has a great subacid flavour. Fruits have one lustrous, dark brown seed that is normally rather large, although in some kinds, it can be little and shrivelled (known as chicken tongues). The finest flavour comes from a fruit that has been allowed to ripen on the tree.

How Long Do Lychee Trees Take To Grow From Seed

How Long Do Lychee Trees Take To Grow From Seed?

In five, 10, or even two decades, lychee plants can bear fruit. The quality of the seed and the soil and the amount of rainfall and sunlight received will all have an impact on the time. Choose lychees with dark red skin that are about the size of a golf ball when ripe. The fruit is available all year, and when fully ripe, the white flesh should be soft and sweet.

Different Types Of Lychees

Brewster Lychees

Brewster Lychees

Brewster lychee trees are well-known for their use in residential and commercial landscapes. However, this tropical or subtropical fruit tree is more than just an aesthetic plant with a consistent ability to fruit and flower. Rev. William N. Brewster brought this kind to the United States from China.

Brewster Lychee fruits feature a purple-red outer skin/shell and translucent flesh with a sweet-tangy taste that is akin to grape texture. Brewster can be eaten right off the tree, or the flesh can be separated from the seeds and used to make a superb lychee juice drink.

They can also be dried or dehydrated into a Lychee fruit, which has a naturally sweet flavour and is a nutritious snack option. Vitamin C, Vitamin B, antioxidants, phytonutrient flavonoids, manganese, magnesium, copper, iron, and folate are all found in abundance in Brewster lychee.

Hak Ip (Ha Kip) Lychee

.Before the start growing lychee trees in your home garden, you will need to know some of the common varieties of lychee trees.

Hak ip lychees, also known as Ha Kip lychees, are huge red fruits with little seeds that resemble a chicken tongue. They're made by lychee trees with thickly branching branches and huge, pointy leaves. Hak ip is one of the most widely available lychee types in your local markets.

Aside from its huge size, hak ip is prized for its delicious flavour. The fruits normally ripen between May and July. Lychee growers in some parts of South Florida are aggressively cultivating this variety of lychee because its lychee trees produce more fruit than other varieties.

Bengal Lychee

The vivid red skin and huge chicken tongue seed of this traditional lychee type helped it gain popularity. The supply of Bengal lychees is also limited due to high demand and low production from December to January.

In comparison to India, the cultivation of these lychee types is more prevalent in the South African and Australian regions. Bengal lychee trees are also noted for their erratic growth habits. The fruits produced by the so-called strange lychee trees, on the other hand, are extremely tasty.

Sweet Cliff Lychees

Sweet Cliff Lychees

The little fruit with a pink and pebbly outer skin/shell is produced by Sweet Cliff lychee bushes. Although the fruits of sweet cliff types are sometimes of high quality, their cultivation has been restricted due to the superiority of other lychee species.

If you happen to come across these lychee variations in the market, sweet cliffs have very little fruit and are the smallest of the lychee varieties. The lovely pinkish flesh is covered by pebbled skin.

Emperor Lychees

The emperor lychee grows into a lovely tropical dwarf tree. In the botanical world, this lychee is known as Litchi chinensis ‘Emperor,' and it is larger than other lychee kinds. These types of emperor lychees can be found in South Florida, although distinct cultivars can also be found in other regions of the world.

Emperor not only produces the largest lychee fruit, but it also has a wonderful sweet flavour. Lychee growers are excited to cultivate this type, but an emperor lychee tree can take up to four years to completely mature and produce a good harvest.

No Mai Tsze Lychees

The emperor lychee grows into a lovely tropical dwarf tree. In the botanical world, this lychee is known as Litchi chinensis ‘Emperor,' and it is larger than other lychee kinds. These types of emperor lychees can be found in South Florida, although distinct cultivars can also be found in other regions of the world.

Emperor not only produces the largest lychee fruit, but it also has a wonderful sweet flavour. Lychee growers are excited to cultivate this type, but an emperor lychee tree can take up to four years to completely mature and produce a good harvest.

Mauritius Lychee

Mauritius is one of the most prevalent lychee kinds, with medium-sized lychee fruit. The tough, pebbly skin has a rosy hue to it and peels easily. The white, delectable flesh has a strong aromatic flavour and is sweet and juicy.

Mauritius lychees are well-known in parts of South Africa, and some lychee farmers in Florida consider them a favorite type.

Growing Lychee Trees

Grow Lychee From Seed

Grow Lychee From Seed

Lychee fruits have a seed that can be planted to produce more lychees. To produce lychee from seed, follow the procedures below:

  • Purchase the fruit, eat it, and then save the vast, brown seed in the center. For the viability of your eventual fruit, choose completely ripened fruits (look for larger lychees with a reddish-purple peel).
  • Rinse the seed gently and blot it dry with paper towels. Soak the seed in a small dish of warm water for a few minutes. Three days are required for the seed to sit, which aids in germination. Replace the water every day to keep it fresh, then plant when the seed's exterior begins to crack.
  • Fill a container with potting soil nearly a foot tall and has drainage holes. The soil should have a modest acidity to it. Bury the seed entirely in the dirt, about an inch deep. To cultivate lychee trees, you'll want to create a subtropical atmosphere that's damp and warm. Keep the pot in a warm room with a temperature in the seventies, but keep the lychee plant out of direct sunshine. Shade is ideal in the early stages of growth.

Spacing

Planting distances are determined by soil type and fertility, as well as modern technology and the homeowner's competence. Lychee trees should be placed 25 to 30 feet (7.6 to 9.1 m) away from buildings, other trees, and electrical wires in the residential landscaping. Due to shadowing, trees placed too close to other trees or structures may not grow normally or yield a lot of fruit.

Soil

Soil

Well-drained soils are ideal for tree growth. Lychee trees thrive in acid sands with moderate organic matter content in southern Florida soils. Trees thrive in muck soils, but they rarely bear fruit due to excessive vegetative (branch and leaf) growth. If enough fertilizers are provided, sandy soils with low organic matter concentrations can be used. Lychee can be produced on the southeast coast's rocky, calcareous soils, although it requires extra attention to avoid minor element deficits.

Humidity And Temperature

Lychee is remarkably cold tolerant and can survive brief bursts of near-freezing conditions, but it prefers warmer temps. Lychee needs at least 100 hours of exposure to cold temperatures (32 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit) in the winter to bloom. They'll flower in the early spring and bear fruit in the early summer. High humidity is ideal for these trees.

Watering

During the growing season, lychees require constant watering. Too much salt in the soil, particularly in the Southwest, necessitates constant watering to prevent salt build-up. Lychees should never be left in standing water since it stunts their growth. New trees should be watered 2 to 3 times a week during the first few weeks after planting, but this can be reduced once the tree has established itself.

Wind

In windy areas, young lychee trees can be difficult to establish, and exposure to persistent winds can cause shredded leaves, limited shoot growth, and stem dieback. The bark at the soil line of young trees in the rocky soils of Miami-Dade County may be harmed by continual rubbing produced by heavy winds. Trees should be placed in wind-protected locations if possible, or protected from the wind by encircling trees with light shade-cloth connected to wire fencing.

Light

Lychee thrives in full light, but the plants must be acclimated first. Young plants that aren't used to full sun will be affected by the abrupt exposure to bright light, but once adapted, they will thrive.

Pollination

Bees and a variety of fly species pollinate lychee blooms. Isolated or single lychee plants will usually produce enough fruit to be useful. A recent study has shown that cross-pollination between different cultivars can boost fruit set in particular circumstances. As a result, there may be a benefit to growing multiple varieties in some instances.

Propagating

Air-layering is the most common method of commercial lychee propagation. Growers make an incision onto a slender branch and then wrap it with a packet of damp moss or soil in this clever procedure. The sliced region will sprout roots, allowing the gardener to take the entire branch off and plant it as a miniature tree.

Lychee is more likely to be started from seed by a home grower. Cover the seeds with potting soil, keep them warm and wet, and wait for sprouts to appear (which can take weeks). After they've sprouted, wait a few weeks before moving them to a brighter location.

Lychee Trees in Pots

In warmer climates, lychee can be kept as tiny patio trees or grown into 35- or 40-foot trees in the ground.

Plants in pots should be repotted every spring until they achieve their full growth potential. Pruning the main growth trunks vigorously once a year will help to keep the plant smaller and bushier.

Repotting

If you are planting the tree In a pot. Lychee plants can quickly outgrow their pots in a single year, so make sure you get bigger pots. Purchase a large container in the spring and carefully transfer the dirt and tree. Carry on in this manner until your tree reaches the desired size. Choose a pot with holes for drainage. Cover the new pot's bottom with soil.

To release the roots of your lychee plant, water it first, then carefully remove and shake it to prevent breaking the roots.

Cover your plant with earth and place it in the new pot.

After replanting, water immediately.

Pests And Diseases

  • A variety of moth pests attack the panicles (thyrses) and blooms of the lychee. Plummose (Morganela longispina) and Philephedra tuberculosa scales attack stems on a regular basis, and severe infestations can result in stem dieback. Adult Diaprepes root weevils (Diaprepes abbreviatus) and citrus root weevils (Pachnaeus litus) eat on lychee leaves, while their larvae feed on lychee tree roots, causing tree vigor loss. Young lychee trees succumb to several nematode species (reniform, Rotylenchulus reniformis; and sheath nematode, Hemicriconemoides mangiferae).
  • Anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides) is the most common fruit disease. Some cultivars (such as ‘Mauritius') are more sensitive than others (such as ‘Brewster'). Lychee trees are occasionally killed by mushroom root rot (Clitocybe tabescens), which often occurs on ground where oaks (Quercus virginiana) were previously cultivated. A parasitic lichen may damage leaves on occasion. Red algae can infect lychee shoots and limbs, causing grayish to rust-colored areas on the bark, as well as bark cracking. Consult your local UF/IFAS Extension agriculture agent for more information and control techniques.

Harvesting

Harvesting

Lychee trees take at least five years to grow and bear fruit before they can be harvested. If you want the tree to bloom and then bear fruit, you must expose it to freezing temperatures for at least 100 hours in the winter, and the female flowers must be pollinated. Pollination is done by insects in an orchard, but you'll have to hand-pollinate indoor trees.

The lychee fruit grows in clusters. Allow them to ripen to a pink-red colour on the tree. To see if a bunch of fruits is sweet enough, test one. Harvest the complete bunch of fruit by cutting it close to the branch.

Fruit Storage

Maintaining the colour and flavour of lychee fruit requires keeping it cool. Refrigerate it to preserve its freshness for a more extended amount of time.

Lychee fruit can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 5 weeks.

Any fruit that appears to have been eaten by bugs or fruit flies should be avoided.

Conclusion

Lychees are excellent evergreen shade trees with a spectacular display of fragrant spring blossoms and beautifully tasty fruit. Lychees eaten fresh from the tree are a truly sub-tropical pleasure, far superior to canned alternatives.

I trust you enjoyed this article on the Super Easy Ways Of Growing Lychee Trees In Pots. Please stay tuned for more blog posts to come shortly. Take care!

JeannetteZ

 

 

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